The Son and the Sun. The Foundation of Christian Mythology.


Genesis 1-14
14 And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years

Luke 21-25
25 And there shall be signs in the sun, and in the moon, and in the stars

Job 38-32
32 Canst thou bring forth Mazzaroth in his season? or canst thou guide Arcturus with his sons?

Mazzaroth is a Biblical Hebrew word (מַזָּרוֹת Mazzārōṯ, LXX Μαζουρωθ, Mazourōth) found in the Book of Job and literally meaning ‘a garland of crowns’.[1] but its context is that of astronomical constellations, and it is often interpreted as a term for the zodiac or the constellations thereof.

Why don’t most people look at the stars anymore? Because we are always looking down at our “smart” phones, that’s why. Did you know that the early church tried to keep people from looking at the stars by the banning of books by Galileo and Copernicus that showed abundant evidence that contradicted Scripture (center of the Universe, Flat Earth, etc.)? They told their worshipers that the stars held no secrets and that they needed to trust the Church and priesthood because they were telling them the truth of Christ. It truly is a shame to let an organization steeped in superstition and the suppression of the truth tell you what to believe, all the while passing around the tithing basket. Don’t forget to put your money in the basket!


A reckoning is coming for the fundamental Church and they know it. Anybody now has access to massive amounts of information, reliable information, on the actual history of the time when Christianity was forming. It doesn’t look good for the church, especially considering the work of peer-reviewed scholars that are now saying that the Gospels are wildly fictitious and were never meant to be taken literally but as extended parables. Actual history soundly refutes the Gospels. Even the supposed work of the Jewish historian Josephus, the Testimonium Flavianum, is now believed to be a Euseubian forgery, created to put words in Josephus’ mouth that were never there to begin with to support the continued rise of Christianity. Other accounts of a historical Jesus were all written many years, sometimes centuries, after the supposed death of Jesus, making them extremely unreliable due to the fact that their only source of information would have been the Gospels or Christians themselves. Not good enough for peer review, I’m afraid.

So, if the Jesus of the Gospels never walked the planet, which seems abundantly clear in this day and age, what are the Gospels? Who really wrote them? It sure wasn’t the disciples that were named on them.

“It thus appears that the present titles of the Gospels are not traceable to the evangelists themselves … they [the New Testament collection] are supplied with titles which, however ancient, do not go back to the respective authors of those writings.” (Catholic Encyclopedia, Farley ed., vol. vi, pp. 655-6)

The Church maintains that “the titles of our Gospels were not intended to indicate authorship”, adding that “the headings … were affixed to them” (Catholic Encyclopedia, Farley ed., vol. i, p. 117, vol. vi, pp. 655, 656).

Those quotes didn’t come from me or some crank mythicist site, they came from the Catholic Encyclopedia.

What happens when we not only look but study in-depth the stars and constellations in the sky? Something amazing, that’s what. We discover the twelve signs of the Zodiac and the Sun’s passage through them mirroring the life of Jesus in the New Testament Gospels. I’ll also show the connection of the twelve disciples to their corresponding Zodiac sign. That’s right, Jesus is the Sun and the disciples are the twelve signs of the Zodiac through which the Sun passes. Incredible, right? Just for starters, take a look at the following painting of the Last Supper by Leonardo da Vinci and then read the interpretation below.


The Twelve Apostles and the Zodiac Brought to Light in da Vinci’s Masterpiece

The allure of the number twelve

Leonardo’s Ultima Cena has intrigued and enthralled viewers for centuries. The painting will continue to be interpreted through both scholarly study and artists recreating it (Steinberg p. 14). Indeed, the analysis of the painting, and what da Vinci had in mind when he painted it, has been the subject of many books and articles and will continue to engage the minds of thinkers in various academic disciplines. How does astrology enter the picture? Various spectators have asserted that each of the twelve apostles embodies one of the twelve zodiac signs 1. If that was da Vinci’s intent, it must ultimately be decided by the viewer, because he never mentioned or wrote any ideas of the sort, at least that we know of. Still, such a complicated and magnificent painting must have more behind it than meets the eye! A question such as each apostle correlated with the signs of the zodiac in his Last Supper painting is keenly characteristic of da Vinci’s enigmatic work.

Previous popular analysis suggesting that each of the twelve disciples symbolizes one of the zodiacal energies, starting from the right of the painting with Aries (Simon), and ending at the left with Pisces (Bartholomew), seems incorrect. Of interest, two of the placements of apostles according to the zodiac signs in this order are correct, but by chance. A very logical and cogent grouping of the apostles is apparent upon consideration of the four groupings of three, in the painting.

The elements and modalities

The apostles are divided in many ways, at the moment of the dramatic announcement by Christ revealing an imminent betrayal. The most obvious is the groupings of trios, splitting the apostles into four small groups. The Christ figure has two groups of three apostles to his right, and two groups of three to his left, seated more or less in order of their importance (in other words, the more prominent apostles sitting closer to Christ).

The painting contains very important clues regarding the groupings of the apostles, directly to the right and left. Thomas raises a finger in doubt, and John sullenly reflects and acts as a mirror of the Christ figure in the painting. Thomas is typed as Virgo in the right to left zodiac scheme. But he is the twin! Thomas is Mercurial, but Gemini, not Virgo. Christ is the ultimate Piscean symbol. John reflects Christ in his demeanor and literally even his clothing. The mirror image of Christ in the painting, John, embodies the Pisces sign.

The key to unlocking the groupings of apostles starts with the water element: the three signs/apostles to the left of Christ. Peter is intensely rash and hot – Mars-like – and he even has a stinger, his dagger! He represents the Scorpio sign. Judas, the traitor, represents the Cancer sign. He is holding a bag of silver! Judas also symbolizes the dark Moon, Cancer’s ruler. Judas is the shadowy figure in the painting who does not reflect light. The clandestine traitor, Judas, forms a pair with Christ in the painting. The Christ figure is the bright Sun 2, and Judas is the dark Moon. The two have a direct, sinister connection, which gives additional symbolic evidence of Judas as the apostle symbolic of Cancer.

Thus the watery signs are represented as mutable, fixed, and cardinal, from closest to the Christ figure to the farthest, in the first group.

The mutable-fixed-cardinal pattern continues to the right of Christ. Thomas, the twin 3, is part of the trio of airy signs. Philip, stretching towards Christ while gesturing with both hands towards himself, seems rather Venusian – long hair, no beard, almost reminiscent of paintings with Venus literally in them. His actions also suggest balancing, characteristic of the Libra sign. James, in the middle of Thomas and Philip, acts shocked, as though he can almost be heard saying, “Surely not!” He rounds out the thought and chatter of the other two apostles symbolizing air signs. His importance and stature in the group of apostles 4 is also consistent with Saturn, the classical ruler of Aquarius.

At the far right of the painting, Simon the Zealot symbolizes the Mars-ruled Aries sign well, via his reputation 5 and even his tough looking countenance. Thaddeus (Jude) literally has a flame (fire) as his symbol and he appears as oldest of the fire trio. In the scheme of “mutable-fixed-cardinal” he is in the middle and represents the Leo sign. Matthew defaults to Sagittarius, but a convincing link to Jupiter’s sign is that he was a publican 6, which demanded education and dedicated involvement with the expansive Roman empire.

The earth signs are intriguing for different reasons. James the Less, representing Taurus in the middle of the far left earthy trio, might actually be Leonardo 7! Leonardo was a Taurus Sun 8 and perhaps his own likeness and persona was duplicated in his painting. Andrew appears rather shocked and nervous by Christ’s announcement. As he appears, imagining that his Virgo sensibilities have been shaken up is not difficult. Bartholomew, on the outer left of the painting, seems a bit dour and definitely concerned. He is the Capricorn sign. The earthy trio appears somewhat muted and stable, compared to the other trios of apostles (note the active, spread out fiery trio, and the uneven heads of the trios closest to Christ. The earthy trio is quite level and looks consistent among the three).

Christ figure

With all of the talk about the apostles symbolizing the signs, what does the Christ figure symbolize? He is the Sun. He is also the ultimate symbol of the Age of Pisces. Using this as a basis of reference, it can be argued that all of the apostles symbolize the Age of Pisces, with each apostle symbolizing a different dwadasama within the Pisces sign. Christ, symbolizing the Sun, and the apostles, associated with their signs’ ruling planets, fits the symbolism of astrology in the Last Supper as well. Judas as the dark Moon, contrasted with Christ as the bright Sun, has already been mentioned. The apostles symbolized by Mars face each other (from a distance) and even look alike. The same is true for the apostles symbolized by Mercury, using outstretched hands and fingers, and facing one another. The Jupiterian apostles look away from each other, and the Venus and Saturn apostles face each other.

Arguments regarding the apostles simply lined up with the zodiac signs point in the right direction, but if da Vinci meant for each apostle to represent a particular zodiac sign, the logical manner of doing so seems apparent in his painting: the elements and modalities associate each apostle with each of the twelve zodiacal signs, according to the four trios of apostles in da Vinci’s ubiquitous, quintessential painting.

Steinberg, Leo. Leonardo’s Incessant Last Supper. Zone Books, May 1, 2001.

Fascinating indeed!

The Sun has been deified since the dawn of humankind on this planet and for good reason. It is the life-bringer. Without it, we would all perish. Early humans didn’t understand the procession of the seasons coinciding with the path of the sun through the stars. They saw the Sun diminish during what we now call the Winter Solstice that begins on December 21st, and would pray, sacrifice and do all kinds of tributes to this burning “god” in the sky, believing every year, after three days and three nights, that this “god” would be reborn on December 25th to become brighter and warmer and eventually bring the harvest back later in the new year. This Sun worship was eventually transferred or bestowed to more human-like godmen (Ra, Horus, Apollo, Zeus and yes Jesus, too, as well as many others).


Our journey begins and ends in the constellation Capricorn or Capricornus, which means “Horned Goat.”


History and mythology

Despite its faintness, Capricornus has one of the oldest mythological associations, having been consistently represented as a hybrid of a goat and a fish since the Middle Bronze Age. First attested in depictions on a cylinder-seal from around the 21st century BC, it was explicitly recorded in the Babylonian star catalogues as MULSUḪUR.MAŠ “The Goat-Fish” before 1000 BC. The constellation was a symbol of the water god Ea and in the Early Bronze Age marked the winter solstice.

In Greek mythology, the constellation is sometimes identified as Amalthea, the goat that suckled the infant Zeus after his mother, Rhea, saved him from being devoured by his father, Cronos. The goat’s broken horn was transformed into the cornucopia or horn of plenty. According to some ancient Greek myths, it started with the sea-goat Pricus. He was the father of the race of sea-goats (half goats half fish), who were intelligent and honourable creatures. They lived in the sea near the shore. They could speak and think according to Greek legend. They were favoured by the gods. Pricus is tied to Chronos (Greek mythology), the god of time. Chronos created the immortal Pricus, who shares Chronos’s ability to manipulate time. He had lots of children who lived near the seashore, however, when they found themselves on the dry land they turned into normal goats, losing their special ability to think and speak in the process. In an effort to prevent this, Pricus turns back time, again and again; however, he eventually resigns himself to loneliness and misery, letting the little Sea Goats leave him. Learning he cannot control their fate and not wanting to be the only Sea-Goat prompts him to ask Chronos to let him die. Because he is immortal instead, he must spend eternity in the sky as Capricorn. Capricornus is also sometimes identified as Pan, the god with a goat’s head, who saved himself from the monster Typhon by giving himself a fish’s tail and diving into a river.

We’ll begin with the birth, as we should, and finish with the death and resurrection.

We all know the story of Jesus’ birth in the manger; shepherds and flocks, etc. But now let’s see what revelations we can glean from the constellations associated with Capricorn while the Sun is in this sign.

Within Capricorn are the following constellations: Cepheus (The King), Cygnus (The Swan), Delphinus (The Dolphin), Pegasus (The White-Winged Horse), and Equllus (The Small Horse). If we look closer at Cepheus, The King, we find two stars with names that give us clues. Errai (meaning “Shepherd”), and Alfirk (meaning “Flock”). That definitely gives us clarity to the shepherds and flock that were nearby when Jesus was “born”.

Luke 2-8
8 And there were in the same country shepherds abiding in the field, keeping watch over their flock by night.

Luke 2-15
15 And it came to pass, as the angels were gone away from them into heaven, the shepherds said one to another, Let us now go even unto Bethlehem, and see this thing which is come to pass, which the Lord hath made known unto us.

Luke 2-18
18 And all they that heard it wondered at those things which were told them by the shepherds.

Jesus was said to have been born in a manger, right? While the Sun is in Capricorn, at Midnight, the stars are at their zenith and by default, are of the sign that is opposite the sun sign (we all have a sun sign and a moon sign). In this particular case, the opposite sign is Cancer. Within Cancer, there is an asterism called the “Beehive“. But this is a newer name. It’s older and original name was “Praesepe“, which in Latin means the “Manger.”

Luke 2-7
7 And she brought forth her firstborn son, and wrapped him in swaddling clothes, and laid him in a manger; because there was no room for them in the inn.
Luke 2-12
12 And this shall be a sign unto you; Ye shall find the babe wrapped in swaddling clothes, lying in a manger.
Luke 2-16
16 And they came with haste, and found Mary, and Joseph, and the babe lying in a manger.

The Sun begins to wax or grow stronger when leaving Capricorn, and the Bible states just that.
40 And the child grew, and waxed strong in spirit, filled with wisdom: and the grace of God was upon him.



History and mythology

Aquarius is identified as GU.LA “The Great One” in the Babylonian star catalogs and represents the god Ea himself, who is commonly depicted holding an overflowing vase. The Babylonian star-figure appears on entitlement stones and cylinder seals from the second millennium. It contained the winter solstice in the Early Bronze Age. In Old Babylonian astronomy, Ea was the ruler of the southernmost quarter of the Sun’s path, the “Way of Ea”, corresponding to the period of 45 days on either side of the winter solstice. Aquarius was also associated with the destructive floods that the Babylonians regularly experienced and thus was negatively connoted. In Ancient Egypt astronomy, Aquarius was associated with the annual flood of the Nile; the banks were said to flood when Aquarius put his jar into the river, beginning spring.

In the Greek tradition, the constellation came to be represented simply as a single vase from which a stream poured down to Piscis Austrinus. The name in the Hindu zodiac is likewise kumbha “water-pitcher”.

In Greek mythology, Aquarius is sometimes associated with Deucalion, the son of Prometheus who built a ship with his wife Pyrrha to survive an imminent flood. They sailed for nine days before washing ashore on Mount Parnassus. Aquarius is also sometimes identified with beautiful Ganymede, a youth in Greek mythology and the son of Trojan king Tros, who was taken to Mount Olympus by Zeus to act as cup-carrier to the gods. Neighboring Aquila represents the eagle, under Zeus’ command, that snatched the young boy; some versions of the myth indicate that the eagle was, in fact, Zeus transformed. An alternative version of the tale recounts Ganymede’s kidnapping by the goddess of the dawn, Eos, motivated by her affection for young men; Zeus then stole him from Eos and employed him as cup-bearer. Yet another figure associated with the water bearer is Cecrops I, a king of Athens who sacrificed water instead of wine to the gods.

As you can see, Aquarius is known as the “Waterman”. But an interesting tidbit of information is found in its even more ancient name of “Baptismo.” Thirty days after the Sun leaves Capricorn, it enters Aquarius/Baptismo. When Jesus is thirty years old, he is baptized by John the Baptist. If you trace back the etymology of the name “John”, you come to the name of the Mesopotamian water god “EA”, whose initiates underwent a water baptism. John literally means “he who immerses others in water”. That’s great because that’s exactly what he symbolically does.

Luke 3 21-23
21 Now when all the people were baptized, it came to pass, that Jesus also being baptized, and praying, the heaven was opened,
22 And the Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape like a dove upon him, and a voice came from heaven, which said, Thou art my beloved Son; in thee I am well pleased.
23 And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph, which was the son of Heli,

BONUS INFO!!! This one is just for fun but I thought it relevant to this article. Jesus mentions Aquarius in the following passage.

Luke 22-10
10 And he said unto them, Behold, when ye are entered into the city, there shall a man meet you, bearing a pitcher of water; follow him into the house where he entereth in.

Men didn’t carry water in those days because it was a woman’s job. This is really a mystical statement about this time we are in now; the Age of Aquarius. He is telling you to enter the city (consciousness) when you see the man bearing a pitcher of water (Aquarius) and follow him into the house (you). In other words, enter within yourself or meditate now to touch the Christ within because the energetic influence of this Age promotes easier access to higher consciousness. The planets affect you energetically and emotionally as is seen in the following passage.

Job 38-31
Canst thou bind the sweet influences of Pleiades (the Seven Sisters), or loose the bands of Orion (the Hunter)?




“A cord joins the tails of Pisces, the two fishes,” from Atlas Coelestis.

While the astrological sign Pisces per definition runs from ecliptic longitude 330° to 0°, this position is now mostly covered by the constellation of Aquarius due to the precession from when the constellation and the sign coincided. Today, the First Point of Aries, or the vernal equinox, is in the Pisces constellation. There are no prominent stars in the constellation, with the brightest stars being of only fourth magnitude. One star in the constellation, Alpha Piscium, is also known as Alrescha, which comes from the Arabic الرشآءal-rišā’, meaning “the well rope,” or “the cord.” The constellation, however, is different from the astronomical location where the sign occupies space. The constellations in earlier times were primarily used as markers to help determine what influence was in the sky. Nevertheless, the sign of Pisces remains in the 30-degree span of 330°-0°.

Ptolemy described Alpha Piscium as the point where the cords joining the two fish are knotted together. The astrological symbol shows the two fishes captured by a string, typically by the mouth or the tails. The fish are usually portrayed swimming in opposite directions; this represents the duality within the Piscean nature. They are ruled by the planet Neptune. Although they appear as a pair, the name of the sign in all languages originally referred to only one fish with the exception of Greek, Bulgarian, Dutch, Latvian and Italian. Pisces are the mutable water sign of the zodiac.


Divine associations with Pisces include Poseidon/Neptune, Christ, Aphrodite, Eros, Typhon, Vishnu and the Sumerian goddess Inanna.

In early mythology

“Pisces” is the Latin word for “Fish.” It is one of the earliest zodiac signs on record, with the two fish appearing as far back as c. 2300 BC on an Egyptian coffin lid.

According to one Greek myth, Pisces represents the fish, sometimes represented by koi fish, into which Aphrodite (also considered Venus) and her son Eros (also considered Cupid) transformed in order to escape the monster Typhon. Typhon, the “father of all monsters,” had been sent by Gaia to attack the gods, which led Pan to warn the others before himself changing into a goat-fish and jumping into the Euphrates. A similar myth, one in which the fish “Pisces” carry Aphrodite and her son out of danger, is resounded in Manilius’ five-volume poetic work Astronomica: “Venus ow’d her safety to their Shape.” Another myth is that an egg fell into the Euphrates river. It was then rolled to the shore by fish. Doves sat on the egg until it hatched, out from which came Aphrodite. As a sign of gratitude towards the fish, Aphrodite put the fish into the night sky. Because of these myths, the Pisces constellation was also known as “Venus et Cupido,” “Venus Syria cum Cupidine,” “Venus cum Adone,” “Dione” and “Veneris Mater,” the latter being the formal Latin term for mother.

The Greek myth on the origin of the sign of Pisces has been cited by English astrologer Richard James Morrison as an example of the fables that arose from the original astrological doctrine, and that the “original intent of [it] was afterwards corrupted both by poets and priests.”

The Sun has now moved into Pisces and we quickly see the Gospel narrative change to reflect that.

Jesus quickly comes upon two fishermen that begin to form his band of merry men. These two men are symbolic of the two fishes associated with Pisces.

Matthew 4:18-20

18 And Jesus, walking by the sea of Galilee, saw two brethren, Simon called Peter, and Andrew his brother, casting a net into the sea: for they were fishers.
19 And he saith unto them, Follow me, and I will make you fishers of men.
20 And they straightway left their nets, and followed him.

Jesus is often identified with the fish symbol but what most Christians are unaware of is the hidden symbology behind it, which has its origins in the Vesica Piscis, and can be looked at further here.


Another reason Jesus is associated with Pisces is that for the last two thousand years we have been in the Piscean Age. That’s the reason there is so much fish imagery in the Bible. Jonah and the Whale, Jesus choosing his disciples from fishermen, the feeding of the five thousand with five loaves of bread and two fish, which, consequently, is a representation of what is called the Virgo-Pisces Dispensation, which is spiritual in nature. I’ll cover that one in the next article.

Matthew 4:19
19 And he saith unto them, Follow me, and I will make you fishers of men.

During Lent, worshipers are allowed to eat fish one day a week, further cementing Jesus’ association with Pisces.

Did you know that Lent is observed for forty days? Why is that? A literalist will tell you that Jesus fasted for forty days in the desert.

Matthew 4:1-2
4 Then was Jesus led up of the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted of the devil.
2 And when he had fasted forty days and forty nights, he was afterward an hungered.

This “event” is also related to the Sun’s movement through the Zodiac.

The number “40” symbolically and allegorically relates to the interval of the Sun in between the Equinoxes, and the Sun’s tangible effect upon the climate of our planet during that time frame. The Biblical writers may use weeks, hours, years or days, depending on the context of the fable to make it work out, but in there it is. This interval is always associated with some kind of struggle, deprivation, trial or test. The reason for the struggle is because of the difficulty the Sun has in vanquishing the cold of the winter. After six months of being below the equator, the Sun is now in position, when it reaches the Vernal Equinox on March 21st (still in Aries), to restore warmth and moisture to the northern regions. But the victory of the warmth over the cold is not immediate. But rather a tug of war, back and forth, between the forces of light (warmth, salvation, reward and blessings) and darkness (cold, tempting devil, Satan). But after forty days (May Day) you can rest assured that the frost won’t ruin your crops. The Sun is now victorious and free from the tempting, tugging devil of winter. It’s all about the delay of the effect of the Sun once a new Equinox or Solstice has been crossed.
Credit: Malik Jabbar, author of “The Astrological Foundation of the Christ Myth




Aries is the first fire sign in the zodiac, the other fire signs being Leo and Sagittarius. Individuals born between these dates, depending on which system of astrology they subscribe to, may be called Arians or Ariens. Aries colors are red and white. In astrology, Aries is the cardinal sign of the fire trigon. It is one of the six positive signs.

The equivalent in the Hindu solar calendar is Meṣa.


In Greek Mythology, the symbol of the ram is based on the Chrysomallus, the flying ram that rescued Phrixus and Helle, the children of the Boeotian king Athamas and provided the Golden Fleece.

The Sun now enters Aries, the Ram/Lamb of God, which coincides with the Spring Equinox (days and nights of equal length). This is also the origin of the “burnt offering” found so often in the Old Testament. The Sun consumes Aries, as the fire consumes the Ram/Lamb. Cultures of old would observe the Sun moving into Aries, thus consuming the Ram, and, to appease this Sun God, offer up a burnt ram or lamb in the hopes of the warmth continuing and increasing to encourage a bountiful harvest.

Beginning at the Spring Equinox is the official marking of the increase in light. The light hours are longer than the dark hours. The Sun/Son is coming into its power. But Winter (Satan/Devil) is not ready to let go just yet. A temptation must ensue at this time and it has to last for forty days.

Matthew 4:1-11

4 Then was Jesus led up of the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted of the devil.
2 And when he had fasted forty days and forty nights, he was afterward an hungred.
3 And when the tempter came to him, he said, If thou be the Son of God, command that these stones be made bread.
4 But he answered and said, It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God.
5 Then the devil taketh him up into the holy city, and setteth him on a pinnacle of the temple,
6 And saith unto him, If thou be the Son of God, cast thyself down: for it is written, He shall give his angels charge concerning thee: and in their hands they shall bear thee up, lest at any time thou dash thy foot against a stone.
7 Jesus said unto him, It is written again, Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God.
8 Again, the devil taketh him up into an exceeding high mountain, and sheweth him all the kingdoms of the world, and the glory of them;
9 And saith unto him, All these things will I give thee, if thou wilt fall down and worship me.
10 Then saith Jesus unto him, Get thee hence, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve.
11 Then the devil leaveth him, and, behold, angels came and ministered unto him.

Every bit of that is humanized version of the Sun’s initial path in and forty days into Aries. A “Passover” (the Sun has crossed the Equator) has taken place.

In Aries, Jesus becomes the “Good Shepherd” and the “Lamb”, both a clear representation of Aries.



History and mythology

Taurus as depicted in the astronomical treatise Book of Fixed Stars by the Persian astronomer Abd al-Rahman al-Sufi, c. 964.
Taurus as depicted in Urania’s Mirror, a set of constellation cards published in London c.1825.

The identification of the constellation of Taurus with a bull is very old, certainly dating to the Chalcolithic, and perhaps even to the Upper Paleolithic. Michael Rappenglück of the University of Munich believes that Taurus is represented in a cave painting at the Hall of the Bulls in the caves at Lascaux (dated to roughly 15,000 BC), which he believes is accompanied by a depiction of the Pleiades. The name “seven sisters” has been used for the Pleiades in the languages of many cultures, including indigenous groups of Australia, North America and Siberia. This suggests that the name may have a common ancient origin.

Taurus marked the point of vernal (spring) equinox in the Chalcolithic and the Early Bronze Age, from about 4000 BC to 1700 BC, after which it moved into the neighboring constellation Aries. The Pleiades were closest to the Sun at vernal equinox around the 23rd century BC. In Babylonian astronomy, the constellation was listed in the MUL.APIN asGU4.AN.NA, “The Bull of Heaven”. As this constellation marked the vernal equinox, it was also the first constellation in the Babylonian zodiac and they described it as “The Bull in Front”. The Akkadian name was Alu.

In the Old Babylonian Epic of Gilgamesh, the goddess Ishtar sends Taurus, the Bull of Heaven, to kill Gilgamesh for spurning her advances. Enkidu tears off the bull’s hind part and hurls the quarters into the sky where they become the stars we know as Ursa Major and Ursa Minor. Some locate Gilgamesh as the neighboring constellation of Orion, facing Taurus as if in combat, while others identify him with the sun whose rising on the equinox vanquishes the constellation. In early Mesopotamian art, the Bull of Heaven was closely associated with Inanna, the Sumerian goddess of sexual love, fertility, and warfare. One of the oldest depictions shows the bull standing before the goddess’ standard; since it has 3 stars depicted on its back (the cuneiform sign for “star-constellation”), there is good reason to regard this as the constellation later known as Taurus.

The same iconic representation of the Heavenly Bull was depicted in the Dendera zodiac, an Egyptian bas-relief carving in a ceiling that depicted the celestial hemisphere using a planisphere. In these ancient cultures, the orientation of the horns was portrayed as upward or backward. This differed from the later Greek depiction where the horns pointed forward.[47] To the Egyptians, the constellation Taurus was a sacred bull that was associated with the renewal of life in spring. When the spring equinox entered Taurus, the constellation would become covered by the Sun in the western sky as spring began. This “sacrifice” led to the renewal of the land. To the early Hebrews, Taurus was the first constellation in their zodiac and consequently, it was represented by the first letter in their alphabet, Aleph.

In 1990, due to the procession of the equinoxes, the position of the Sun on the first day of summer (June 21) crossed the IAU boundary of Gemini into Taurus. The Sun will slowly move through Taurus at a rate of 1° east every 72 years until approximately 2600 BC, at which point it will be in Aries on the first day of summer.

In Greek mythology, Taurus was identified with Zeus, who assumed the form of a magnificent white bull to abduct Europa, a legendary Phoenician princess. In illustrations of Greek mythology, only the front portion of this constellation is depicted; this was sometimes explained as Taurus being partly submerged as he carried Europa out to sea. A second Greek myth portrays Taurus as Io, a mistress of Zeus. To hide his lover from his wife Hera, Zeus changed Io into the form of a heifer. Greek mythographer Acusilaus marks the bull Taurus as the same that formed the myth of the Cretan Bull, one of the Twelve Labors of Heracles.

Taurus became an important object of worship among the Druids. Their Tauric religious festival was held while the Sun passed through the constellation. Among the arctic people known as the Inuit, the constellation is called Sakiattiat and the Hyades is Nanurjuk, with the latter representing the spirit of the polar bear. Aldebaran represents the bear, with the remainder of the stars in the Hyades being dogs that are holding the beast at bay.

In Buddhism, legends hold that Gautama Buddha was born when the Full Moon was in Vaisakha or Taurus. Buddha’s birthday is celebrated with the Wesak Festival, or Vesākha, which occurs on the first or second Full Moon when the Sun is in Taurus.

We all know that bulls are used to plow fields, and what do we see unfold in the next part of the Sun’s/Son’s “life”? None other than the “parable of the sower” who is sowing his seeds because his field has been plowed. The bull was widely used to plow fields in biblical times.

Matthew 13 1-8

13 The same day went Jesus out of the house, and sat by the sea side.
2 And great multitudes were gathered together unto him, so that he went into a ship, and sat; and the whole multitude stood on the shore.
3 And he spake many things unto them in parables, saying, Behold, a sower went forth to sow;
4 And when he sowed, some seeds fell by the way side, and the fowls came and devoured them up:
5 Some fell upon stony places, where they had not much earth: and forthwith they sprung up, because they had no deepness of earth:
6 And when the sun was up, they were scorched; and because they had no root, they withered away.
7 And some fell among thorns; and the thorns sprung up, and choked them:
8 But other fell into good ground, and brought forth fruit, some an hundredfold, some sixtyfold, some thirtyfold.




Gemini as depicted in Urania’s Mirror, a set of constellation cards published in London c.1825.

Diagram of H. A. Rey’s alternative way to connect the stars of the constellation Gemini. Twins are shown holding hands.

Sculpture showing Castor and Pollux the legend behind the third astrological sign in the Zodiac and the constellation of Gemini

In Babylonian astronomy, the stars Castor and Pollux were known as the Great Twins. The Twins were regarded as minor gods and were called Meshlamtaea and Lugalirra, meaning respectively ‘The One who has arisen from the Underworld’ and the ‘Mighty King’. Both names can be understood as titles of Nergal, the major Babylonian god of plague and pestilence, who was king of the Underworld.

In Greek mythology, Gemini was associated with the myth of Castor and Pollux, the children of Leda and Argonauts both. Pollux was the son of Zeus, who seduced Leda, while Castor was the son of Tyndareus, king of Sparta and Leda’s husband. Castor and Pollux were also mythologically associated with St. Elmo’s fire in their role as the protectors of sailors. When Castor died, because he was mortal, Pollux begged his father Zeus to give Castor immortality, and he did, by uniting them together in the heavens.

As is noted above, in Babylonian Astrology, the twins were known as “Meshlamtaea and Lugalirra, meaning respectively ‘The One who has arisen from the Underworld’ and the ‘Mighty King’. Both names can be understood as titles of Nergal, the major Babylonian god of plague and pestilence, who was king of the Underworld.” The below passage seems to be the link in the Gospel narrative to Gemini.

Matthew 8-28
28 And when he was come to the other side into the country of the Gergesenes, there met him two possessed with devils, coming out of the tombs, exceeding fierce, so that no man might pass by that way.

Also, see the following:

Acts 28-11
11 And after three months we departed in a ship of Alexandria, which had wintered in the isle, whose sign was Castor and Pollux.




Cancer is said to have been the place for the Akkadian Sun of the South, perhaps from its position at the summer solstice in very remote antiquity. But afterwards, it was associated with the fourth month Duzu (June–July in the modern western calendar), and was known as the Northern Gate of Sun.

Showing but few stars, and its brightest stars being of only 4th magnitude, Cancer was often considered the “Dark Sign”, quaintly described as black and without eyes.


According to an ancient Greek legend, the figure of a gigantic crab was placed in the nighttime sky by the goddess Hera to form the constellation Cancer. Hera swore to kill Heracles, the most famous Greek hero. Hera attempted to kill Heracles in many different ways, but each time his incredible physical strength allowed him to survive. The Romans called him Hercules. Hera cast a spell of madness on Heracles, causing him to commit a great crime. In order to be forgiven, he had to perform twelve difficult tasks. One of these tasks was destroying the terrible nine-headed water-serpent, Hydra.

During the battle between Heracles and Hydra, the goddess Hera sent a giant crab to aid the serpent. But Heracles, being so strong, killed the crab by smashing its shell with his foot. As a reward for its service, Hera placed the crab’s image in the night sky.

Okay, Jesus is hopping right along with the Sun, and now we come to the constellation Cancer. First, take a look at the following passages in the Gospel of Matthew, and afterward, I will show you the connection to Cancer.

Matthew 21:1-7

21 And when they drew nigh unto Jerusalem, and were come to Bethphage, unto the mount of Olives, then sent Jesus two disciples,
2 Saying unto them, Go into the village over against you, and straightway ye shall find an ass tied, and a colt with her: loose them, and bring them unto me.
3 And if any man say ought unto you, ye shall say, The Lord hath need of them; and straightway he will send them.
4 All this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying,
5 Tell ye the daughter of Sion, Behold, thy King cometh unto thee, meek, and sitting upon an ass, and a colt the foal of an ass.
6 And the disciples went, and did as Jesus commanded them,
7 And brought the ass, and the colt, and put on them their clothes, and they set him thereon.

Jerusalem has always been the goal of the Sun. In this instance, Cancer (the Summer Solstice – the ultimate destination of the Sun) IS Jerusalem. Jesus riding upon two asses relates to the names of two of the stars in Cancer called “Asellus Borealis” (Northern Ass) & “Asellus Australis” (Southern Ass).

Also, the Summer Solstice is the strongest position for the Sun to be in. After this, it begins to go backward, to get weaker, hence the crab in Cancer that walks backward.



History and mythology

Leo from a western scientific manuscript, c.1000

Leo was one of the earliest recognized constellations, with archaeological evidence that the Mesopotamians had a similar constellation as early as 4000 BCE. The Persians called Leo Seror Shir; the Turks, Artan; the Syrians, Aryo; the Jews, Arye; the Indians, Simha, all meaning “lion”.

Greek stamp depicting a mosaical image of the encounter between Hercules and Leo, the Nemean Lion.

Some mythologists believe that in Sumeria, Leo represented the monster Humbaba, who was killed by Gilgamesh.

In Babylonian astronomy, the constellation was called UR.GU.LA, the “Great Lion”; the bright star Regulus was known as “the star that stands at the Lion’s breast.” Regulus also had distinctly regal associations, as it was known as the King Star.

In Greek mythology, Leo was identified as the Nemean Lion which was killed by Heracles (Hercules to the Romans) during the first of his twelve labours. The Nemean Lion would take women as hostages to its lair in a cave, luring warriors from nearby towns to save the damsel in distress, to their misfortune. The Lion was impervious to any weaponry; thus, the warriors’ clubs, swords, and spears were rendered useless against it. Realizing that he must defeat the Lion with his bare hands, Hercules slipped into the Lion’s cave and engaged it at close quarters. When the Lion pounced, Hercules caught it in midair, one hand grasping the Lion’s forelegs and the other its hind legs, and bent it backwards, breaking its back and freeing the trapped maidens. Zeus commemorated this labor by placing the Lion in the sky.

The Roman poet Ovid called it Herculeus Leo and Violentus Leo. Bacchi Sidus (star of Bacchus) was another of its titles, the god Bacchus always being identified with this animal. However, Manilius called it Jovis et Junonis Sidus (Star of Jupiter and Juno).


It’s easy to see the connection of the head of a lion to the Sun. That’s why, when the Sun moves into Leo, we see further development in the biblical narrative.

Revelation 5-5
5 And one of the elders saith unto me, Weep not: behold, the Lion of the tribe of Judah, the Root of David, hath prevailed to open the book, and to loose the seven seals thereof.Clearly, Jesus wraps up his ministry as the “Lion of the tribe of Judah”, aka Leo.




Virgo as depicted in Urania’s Mirror, a set of constellation cards published in London c.1825

Depiction of Virgo, c.1000

In the Babylonian MUL.APIN (c. 10th century BC), part of this constellation was known as “The Furrow”, representing the goddess Shala and her ear of grain. One star in this constellation, Spica, retains this tradition as it is Latin for “ear of grain”, one of the major products of the Mesopotamian furrow. For this reason, the constellation became associated with fertility. The constellation of Virgo in Hipparchus corresponds to two Babylonian constellations: the “Furrow” in the eastern sector of Virgo and the “Frond of Erua” in the western sector. The Frond of Erua was depicted as a goddess holding a palm-frond – a motif that still occasionally appears in much later depictions of Virgo.

Early Greek astronomy associated the Babylonian constellation with their goddess of wheat and agriculture, Demeter.The Romans associated it with their goddess Ceres.Alternatively, the constellation was sometimesidentified as the virgin goddess Iustitia or Astraea, holding the scales of justice in her hand (that now are separated as the constellation Libra). Another Greek myth from later, Classical times, identifies Virgo as Erigone, the daughter of Icarius of Athens. Icarius, who had been favored by Dionysus and was killed by his shepherds while they were intoxicated after which Erigone hanged herself in grief; in versionsof this myth, Dionysus is said to have placed the father and daughter in the stars as Boötes and Virgo respectively. Another figure who is associated with the constellation Virgo was the spring goddess Persephone, the daughter of Zeus and Demeter who had married Hades and resided in the Underworld during summer.

In the Poeticon Astronomicon by Hyginus (1st century BC), Parthenos (Παρθένος) is the daughter of Apollo and Chrysothemis, who died a maiden and was placed among the stars as the constellation. Diodorus Siculus has an alternative account, according to which Parthenos was the daughter of Staphylus and Chrysothemis, sister of Rhoeo and Molpadia (Hemithea). After a suicide attempt, she and Hemithea were carried by Apollo to Chersonesus, where she became a local goddess. Strabo also mentions a goddess named Parthenos worshipped throughout Chersonesus.

During the Middle Ages, Virgo sometimes was associated with the Virgin Mary.

The Sun now moves into Virgo, the Virgin. Do you see the shaft of wheat she is holding in her right hand? The right side is always the spiritual side, and the left is always the physical or material side of life. Anyway, what do we make from wheat? Bread, right? Jesus is known as the “bread of life”.

Matthew 26-26
26 And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed it, and brake it, and gave it to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is my body.

On an interesting side note, the glyph that symbolizes Virgo is in the likeness of the letter ‘M’.


The reason that is important is because of the names of the “virgins” that “gave birth to “godmen” of antiquity:

Jesus – Mary

Buddha – Maya

Adonis – Myrra

Horus – Meri (Isis)

Meaning that the origins of their religions were in the stars long before quill touched paper or chisel carved stone. It has always been the Sun, always.

The Sun is continuing to weaken as it journeys into Libra.



History and mythology

Libra as depicted in Urania’s Mirror, a set of constellation cards published in London c.1825

Libra was known in Babylonian astronomy as MUL Zibanu (the “scales” or “balance”), or alternatively as the Claws of the Scorpion. The scales were held sacred to the sun god Shamash, who was also the patron of truth and justice. It was also seen as the Scorpion’s Claws in ancient Greece. Since these times, Libra has been associated with law, fairness and civility. In Arabic zubānā means “scorpion’s claws”, and likely similarly in other Semitic languages: this resemblance of words may be why the Scorpion’s claws became the Scales.It has also been suggested that the scales are an allusion to the fact that when the sun entered this part of the ecliptic at the autumnal equinox, the days and nights are equal. Libra’s status as the location of the equinox earned the equinox the name “First Point of Libra”, though this location ceased to coincide with the constellation in 730 because of the precession of the equinoxes.

In ancient Egypt, the three brightest stars of Libra (α, β, and σ Librae) formed a constellation that was viewed as a boat. Libra is a constellation not mentioned by Eudoxus or Aratus. Libra is mentioned by Manetho (3rd century B.C.) and Geminus (1st century B.C.) and included by Ptolemy in his 48 asterisms. Ptolemy cataloged 17 stars, Tycho Brahe 10, and Johannes Hevelius 20. It only became a constellation in ancient Rome, when it began to represent the scales held by Astraea, the goddess of justice, associated with Virgo in Greek mythology.

One of the reasons that Libra has scales is because we have now reached the Autumnal Equinox (days and nights of equal length). But we are trying to make the connection of the Sun to the “life” of Jesus.

John 9:4
“As long as it is day, we must do the works of him who sent me. Night is coming, when no one can work.”

Libra is the first sign of the Zodiac to usher in the beginning of six months of winter. The beginning of the end for the Sun. It has been judged by the scales of Libra. Just like Jesus is about to be judged by the Roman Authorities, which never really happened but it needed to be said for clarity.

Even the glyph for Libra shows the clear association of a setting sun.




In Greek mythology, the myths associated with Scorpio almost invariably also contain a reference to Orion. According to one of these myths, it is written that Orion boasted to goddess Artemis and her mother, Leto, that he would kill every animal on the Earth. Although Artemis was known to be a hunter herself she offered protection to all creatures. Artemis and her mother Leto sent a scorpion to deal with Orion. The pair battled and the scorpion killed Orion. However, the contest was apparently a lively one that caught the attention of the king of the gods Zeus, who later raised the scorpion to heaven and afterward, at the request of Artemis, did the same for Orion to serve as a reminder for mortals to curb their excessive pride. There is also a version that Orion was better than the goddess Artemis but said that Artemis was better than he and so Artemis took a liking to Orion. The god Apollo, Artemis’s twin brother, grew angry and sent a scorpion to attack Orion. After Orion was killed, Artemis asked Zeus to put Orion up in the sky. So every winter Orion hunts in the sky, but every summer he flees as the constellation of the scorpion comes.

In another Greek story involving Scorpio without Orion, Phaeton (the mortal male offspring of Helios) went to his father, who had earlier sworn by the River Styx to give Phaeton anything he should ask for. Phaeton wanted to drive his father’s Sun Chariot for a day. Although Helios tried to dissuade his son, Phaeton was adamant. However, when the day arrived, Phaeton panicked and lost control of the white horses that drew the chariot. First, the Earth grew chill as Phaeton flew too high and encountered the celestial scorpion, its deadly sting raised to strike. Alarmed, he dipped the chariot too close, causing the vegetation to burn. By accident, Phaeton turned most of Africa into the desert and darkened the skin of the Ethiopian nation until it was black. Eventually, Zeus was forced to intervene by striking the runaway chariot and Phaeton with a lightning bolt to put an end to its rampage and Phaeton plunged into the River Eridanos.

From an Astrotheological perspective, Judas is Scorpio, the betrayer, one who stings the Sun in its weakened state to bring about its destruction. Here are the corresponding passages pertaining to Judas’/Scorpio’s betrayal:

Matthew 26:14-16

14 Then one of the twelve, called Judas Iscariot, went unto the chief priests,
15 And said unto them, What will ye give me, and I will deliver him unto you? And they covenanted with him for thirty pieces of silver.
16 And from that time he sought opportunity to betray him.

What’s interesting is the fact that this is not the only instance of “thirty pieces of silver” in the Bible. Was it a common form of payment? No, it’s always the betrayal of Scorpio to the Sun. Here is another entry from Zechariah 11:
12 And I said unto them, If ye think good, give me my price; and if not, forbear. So they weighed for my price thirty pieces of silver.
13 And the Lord said unto me, Cast it unto the potter: a goodly price that I was prised at of them. And I took the thirty pieces of silver, and cast them to the potter in the house of the Lord.
14 Then I cut asunder mine other staff, even Bands, that I might break the brotherhood between Judah and Israel.

So, how do the thirty pieces of silver relate to Scorpio? In every sign of the Zodiacal circle, which is 360 degrees, there are what are called “decans” (this is where the word “Deacon” in the church comes from). Each decan is a representation of ten degrees of the ecliptic, and each sign containing 30 degrees. So, if each sign contains thirty degrees of the ecliptic, and Scorpio is the betrayer, the one who stings, then the thirty referenced in the scriptural passage above is the connection to Scorpio’s betrayal of the Sun.

Now we need to understand the reference to “silver”. In biblical mysticism, silver is the moon, just as gold is the Sun. The key is found when researching the ancient Mesopotamian/Akkadian god of the moon, whose name was “Sin“, who was heavily worshipped by the Chaldeans who resided is a city named “Ur”. You can find scriptural references to this god in the Old Testament allegory of Abram/Abraham.

So, Judas/Scorpio betrayed the Son/Sun for thirty pieces (Scorpio) of silver (Sin).




Sagittarius as depicted in Urania’s Mirror, a set of constellation cards published in London c.1825

The Babylonians identified Sagittarius as the god Nergal, a strange centaur-like creature firing an arrow from a bow. It is generally depicted with wings, with two heads, one panther head and one human head, as well as a scorpion’s stinger raised above its more conventional horse’s tail. The Sumerian name Pabilsag is composed of two elements – Pabil, meaning ‘elder paternal kinsman’ and Sag, meaning ‘chief, head’. The name may thus be translated as the ‘Forefather’ or ‘Chief Ancestor’. The figure is reminiscent of modern depictions of Sagittarius.

Greek mythology

In Greek mythology, Sagittarius is usually identified as a centaur: half-human, half-horse. However, perhaps due to the Greeks’ adoption of the Sumerian constellation, some confusion surrounds the identity of the archer. Some identify Sagittarius as the centaur Chiron, the son of Philyra and Cronus, who was said to have changed himself into a horse to escape his jealous wife, Rhea, and tutor to Jason. As there are two centaurs in the sky, some identify Chiron with the other constellation, known as Centaurus. Or, as an alternative tradition holds, that Chiron devised the constellations Sagittarius and Centaurus to help guide the Argonauts in their quest for the Golden Fleece.

A competing mythological tradition, as espoused by Eratosthenes, identified the Archer not as a centaur but as the satyr Crotus, son of Pan, who Greeks credited with the invention of archery. According to myth, Crotus often went hunting on horseback and lived among the Muses, who requested that Zeus place him in the sky, where he is seen demonstrating archery.

The arrow of this constellation points towards the star Antares, the “heart of the scorpion”, and Sagittarius stands poised to attack should Scorpius ever attack the nearby Hercules, or to avenge Scorpius’s slaying of Orion.

As Sagittarius side-wounds the Sun…


So is Jesus side-wounded by a Roman soldier…


John 19:34
34 But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and forthwith came there out blood and water.

An additional interesting side note is the meaning of the word or name “Pilate”, as in Pontius Pilate. Pilate means, more or less, “equipped with a spear”. I find that quite fascinating. Pontius Pilate was a real person but it doesn’t appear, from a detailed search of actual history and his writings, that he had anything at all to do with Jesus.

The light of the Sun/Son has been extinguished. But we all know how this story ends…or begins again, right?

Jesus was crucified in a place called “Golgotha”, which means “place of a skull”. Literalists have speculated that this is a skull-shaped rock place near Jerusalem. But that’s incorrect. Golgatha simply symbolizes death, hence the skull reference. Just like the word “Calvary” also means “skull”. So yes, Jesus, the Sun, is crucified and dies in these places that mean death.

Before we move forward in this spiritual drama, we need to address why Jesus was crucified between two thieves.

The two thieves are the Autumnal Equinox (the bad-mouthed and belligerent thief on the left – remember, the left always represents the physical, material or negative) and the Spring Equinox (the thief on the right – your spiritual nature – that “comes to Jesus” before he “dies”). These Equinoxes steal from each other depending on where the Sun is in its path in these two signs. Additionally, both Sagittarius and Capricorn were known as the two thieves because no harvest could be had in ancient times due to the cold and lack of sunlight.

The Crown of Thorns worn by Jesus needs to be addressed as well. One interesting constellation located within Sagittarius is “Corona Australis” or the “Southern Crown”. Could this be the reference in the stars to the Crown of Thorns?


The first image below is the corona (crown) of the Sun, and the second is Jesus with that familiar glow around his head. Looks familiar to me.



Do you see the connection? Jesus is indeed the Sun.
The Sun/Son has to be “dead” for three days and three nights before it can resurrect, according to the Bible.


The Sun enters the Winter Solstice on December 21st, the darkest day of the year, and passes through the constellation “Crux” or the “Southern Cross”, hence the Sun being crucified. Additionally, there was an eclipse at the crucifixion, which goes along with the Sun losing its strength, ergo darkness.

Mark 15-33
33 And when the sixth hour was come, there was darkness over the whole land until the ninth hour.

The Sun resides in the earth, low on the horizon, for three days and three nights and is then reborn on December 25th, Christmas Day, to begin its rise in power again. And the cycle repeats every year again, and again and again.

One a final note to wrap this one up, the Sun passing through Capricorn, the goat, is no coincidence. The goat has long been a symbol of the devil or Satan. So now we see that connection as well. Good and evil. God and the Devil. Just a play on words, really.

7 thoughts on “The Son and the Sun. The Foundation of Christian Mythology.

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